All rights reserved

Copyright as a concept
Copyright (copyright - "the right to reproduce") is a form of intellectual property protection. The right to copyright is not acquired under the scheme that is used to obtain a patent. The process of issuing a patent is complex and time-consuming. In contrast, according to the American "Copyright Act", copyright appears immediately after the end of work on the author's work, regardless of where and when this work was published and whether it was published at all, and also whether they were registered the author's right to his creation. However, the "US Copyright Office" offers copyright registration services, which in the case of litigation allows to substantiate the legality of the right to own intellectual property. However, no authorization is required for the author to use the copyright symbol - (C). Copyright protects literary, musical, choreographic, graphic, architectural works, photographs, games, etc. A work protected by copyright, as well as any part thereof, can not be used without the permission of the owner.
However, the idea, procedure, process, principle, etc. can not be protected by copyright. - because, for example, a ban on the use of an idea will exclude it from the use of mankind and make it impossible to create new and original works based on it. The IPWatchdog consulting organization illustrates this principle by the following example: a novel about the Second World War can be protected by copyright, but the very idea of ​​writing new novels on this subject is not protected by copyright. The law declares that works protected by copyright can be used for criticism, commentaries, media reports, teaching and teaching, as well as scientific research. However, in doing so, the work should be used "honestly", using a number of rules, the most famous of which is a correct reference to the source and direct quoting of not more than two paragraphs of the original text.
ELibrary Copyright
The designation Digital ELibrry (as well as abbreviated E-Library) is a registered trademark.
All materials posted on the E-Library website are the intellectual property of the site.
We authorize the use, quoting, broadcasting, translating any single of our materials on the Internet when the following conditions are met:

  • It is forbidden to automatically copy and create a full copy of our sections. Use only individual materials.
  • News can be published one day after the release on our site, reviews - after 3 days.
  • Above it at the top of the page the author's reference and a direct link to the original on our website.
  • When reprinting multipage material from our resource, a direct clickable link to ELibrary must necessarily be on each page.
  • Materials of the section "Books" should not be reprinted.

  • Sites wishing to regularly take materials from ELibrary are advised to apply for written permission to the editorial office -lib @ sfek. kz.
    We allow you to use and translate any single of our materials (news, reviews, photo materials, graphic materials, test results, etc.) in any paper press, provided we link to our site as a source (textual -, or graphic - our logo) and the obligatory indication of the author's surname.